UNIVERSIDAD DE ANDALUCÍA
Ejemplo Prueba de acceso tipo Bachillerato,
An Activity sent by Manuel Hernández Benavides from IES "Los Colegiales" in Antequera.
MOBILES WORSE THAN drink-driving
Talking on a mobile phone while driving is more dangerous than being over the legal alcohol limit, according to research. Tests by scientists at the Transport Research Laboratory said drivers on mobiles had slower reaction times and stopping times than those under the influence of alcohol. And it said hands-free kits were almost as dangerous as hand-held phones.
Using a hand-held mobile while driving is illegal in more than 30 countries, but in the UK drivers are usually prosecuted for dangerous or careless driving.
"The problem is you actually get sucked into the telephone conversation, and the conversation starts to take precedence over the driving task," , a researcher said.
The research said reaction times were, on average, 30% slower when talking on a mobile than when just over the legal limit, and nearly 50% slower than when driving normally. Drivers were also less able to maintain a constant speed and found it more difficult to keep a safe distance from the car in front.
Janet Anderson, Member of Parliament , is currently trying to push a bill through which would prohibit the use of hand-held mobile phones while driving. The second reading is expected to take place on 12 April. Ms Anderson said: "We must all recognise that driving and using mobile phones can kill. It takes less than a second for a lapse in concentration to result in an accident." "It must therefore be made crystal clear to drivers who insist on behaving in this way that they endanger the safety of the public generally, and their own safety too. "
(A) COMPREHENSION (4 points)
a) ANSWER THE QUESTIONS ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT USE YOUR OWN WORDS (1 point per answer)
1) How do people talking on hand held mobile phones drive ?
2) Why are mobile phones so dangerous while driving?
b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH WORDS OR PHRASES FROM THE TEXT. (0,5 points per answer)
3) Hand-held mobiles are illegal in the E.U.
4) Conversations become more important than driving.
5) Janet Anderson thinks mobiles arent very dangerous.
6) Drivers must keep their own safety and the safety of other people while driving.
(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)7) Find in the text the word which has the following definition : (0,25 points)
8) Give one synonym for TASK (0,25 points)
9) Join these sentences with a RELATIVE pronoun:
This is the plan. You have been talking about it.
10) Make a QUESTION for this answer:
? Reaction times were 30% slower.
11) Turn into PASSIVE: " People say mobile phones are very dangerous while driving"
12) Turn into REPORTED SPEECH:
Ms Anderson said: "We must all recognise that driving and using mobile phones can kill".
13) Join these sentences with a liking word (do not use AND
Mobiles are very useful nowadays. They can be dangerous if you are driving.
(C) PRODUCTION (3 points)
Write a COMPOSITION (80-100 words). Choose ONE of the following options:
a) How has your life changed with the use of mobile
b) Advantages and disadvantages of the use of mobile phones
Webmaster Isabel Pérez Torres